Combining interval forecasts


Journal Article

© 2017 INFORMS. When combining forecasts, a simple average of the forecasts performs well, often better than more sophisticated methods. In a prescriptive spirit, we consider some other parsimonious, easy-to-use heuristics for combining interval forecasts and compare their performance with the benchmark provided by the simple average, using simulations from a model we develop and data sets with forecasts made by professionals in their domain of expertise. We find that the empirical results closely match the results from our model, thus providing some validation for the theoretical model. The relative performance of the heuristics is influenced by the degree of overconfidence in and dependence among the individual forecasts, and different heuristics come out on top under different circumstances. The results provide some good, easy-to-use alternatives to the simple average with an indication of the conditions under which each might be preferable, enabling us to conclude with some prescriptive advice.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gaba, A; Tsetlin, I; Winkler, RL

Published Date

  • March 1, 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 14 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 1 - 20

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1545-8504

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1545-8490

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1287/deca.2016.0340

Citation Source

  • Scopus