A randomised non-comparative phase II trial of cixutumumab (IMC-A12) or ramucirumab (IMC-1121B) plus mitoxantrone and prednisone in men with metastatic docetaxel-pretreated castration-resistant prostate cancer.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Multicenter Study)

BACKGROUND: Cixutumumab, a human monoclonal antibody (HuMAb), targets the insulin-like growth factor receptor. Ramucirumab is a recombinant HuMAb that binds to vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2. A non-comparative randomised phase II study evaluated cixutumumab or ramucirumab plus mitoxantrone and prednisone (MP) in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Men with progressive mCRPC during or after docetaxel therapy received mitoxantrone 12 mg/m(2) on day 1 and prednisone 5mg twice daily and were randomised 1:1 to receive either cixutumumab or ramucirumab 6 mg/kg intravenously weekly in a 21-day cycle. Primary end-point was composite progression-free survival (cPFS). Secondary end-points included safety, response, radiographic progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Sample size was based on a 50% increase in median cPFS from 2.6 (MP) to 3.9 months (either combination). RESULTS: 132 men were treated (66 per arm). Median cPFS was 4.1 months (95% confidence interval (CI), 2.2-5.6) for cixutumumab and 6.7 months (95% CI, 4.5-8.3) for ramucirumab. Median time to radiographic progression was 7.5 months for cixutumumab and 10.2 months for ramucirumab, with a median OS of 10.8 and 13.0 months, respectively. Fatigue was the most frequent adverse event (AE). Incidence of most non-haematologic grade 3-4 AEs was <10% on both arms. Grade 3 cardiac dysfunction occurred in 7.6% of patients on ramucirumab. CONCLUSION: Combinations of cixutumumab or ramucirumab plus MP were feasible and associated with moderate toxicities in docetaxel-pretreated men with mCRPC. Of the two regimens, the ramucirumab regimen is worthy of further testing based on the observed cPFS relative to the historical control.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hussain, M; Rathkopf, D; Liu, G; Armstrong, A; Kelly, WK; Ferrari, A; Hainsworth, J; Joshi, A; Hozak, RR; Yang, L; Schwartz, JD; Higano, CS

Published Date

  • September 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 51 / 13

Start / End Page

  • 1714 - 1724

PubMed ID

  • 26082390

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC5024789

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-0852

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ejca.2015.05.019


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England