Introduction to space-time codes
© Cambridge University Press 2006. Introduction Information-theoretic analysis by Foschini (1996) and by Telatar (1999) shows that multiple antennas at the transmitter and receiver enable very high rate wireless communication. Space-time codes, introduced by Tarokh. (1998), improve the reliability of communication over fading channels by correlating signals across different transmit antennas. Design criteria developed for the high-SNR regime in Tarokh. (1998) and Guey. (1999) are presented in Section 7.3 from the perspective of typical error events (following the exposition by Tse and Viswanath (2005)). Techniques for multiple access and broadcast communication are described very briefly in Sections 7.9 and 7.10, where algebraic structure enables simple implementation. The emphasis throughout is on low cost, low complexity mobile receivers. Section 7.2 provides a description of set partitioning, which was developed by Ungerboeck (1982) as the basis of code design for the additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel. The importance of set partitioning to code design for the AWGN channel is that it provides a lower bound on squared Euclidean distance between signals that depends only on the binary sum of signal labels. Section 7.9 describes the importance of set partitioning to code design for wireless channels, where it provides a mechanism for translating constraints in the binary domain into lower bounds on diversity protection in the complex domain. Section 7.4 describes space-time trellis codes, starting from simple delay diversity, and then using intuition about the product distance to realize additional coding gain.
Calderbank, AR; Naguib, AF
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