The effect of indapamide versus hydrochlorothiazide on ventricular and arterial function in patients with hypertension and diabetes: Results of a randomized trial
© 2014 Mosby, Inc.Objective The objective of this study is to compare the effects of 2 types of diuretics, indapamide and hydrochlorothiazide, added to an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, on ventricular and arterial functions in patients with hypertension and diabetes. Methods This is a prospective, randomized, active-controlled, PROBE design study in 56 patients (57 ± 9 years, 52% men) with mild-to-moderate hypertension and type 2 diabetes, with normal ejection fraction, randomized to either indapamide (1.5 mg Slow Release (SR)/day) or hydrochlorothiazide (25 mg/d), added to quinapril (10-40 mg/d). All patients had conventional, tissue Doppler and speckle tracking echocardiography and assessment of endothelial and arterial functions and biomarkers, at baseline and after 6 months. Results Baseline characteristics were similar between groups; systolic and diastolic blood pressures decreased similarly, by 15% and 9% on indapamide and by 17% and 10% on hydrochlorothiazide (P <.05). Mean longitudinal systolic velocity and longitudinal strain increased by 7% and 14% on indapamide (from 5.6 ± 1.8 to 6.0 ± 1.1 cm/s and from 16.2% ± 1.8% to 18.5% ± 1.1%, both P <.05), but did not change on hydrochlorothiazide (P <.05 for intergroup differences), whereas ejection fraction and radial systolic function did not change. Similarly, mean longitudinal early diastolic velocity increased by 31% on indapamide (P <.05), but did not change on hydrochlorothiazide (P <.05 for intergroup differences). These changes were associated with improved endothelial and arterial functions on indapamide, but not on hydrochlorothiazide. Conclusion Indapamide was found to improve measures of endothelial and arterial functions and to increase longitudinal left ventricular function compared with hydrochlorothiazide in patients with hypertension and diabetes, after 6 months of treatment. This study suggests that indapamide, a thiazide-like diuretic, has important vascular effects that can improve ventriculoarterial coupling.
Vinereanu, D; Dulgheru, R; Magda, S; Galrinho, RD; Florescu, M; Cinteza, M; Granger, C; Ciobanu, AO
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