Outdoor air pollution: a global perspective.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Although the air quality in Western countries has continued to improve over the past decades, rapid economic growth in developing countries has left air quality in many cities notoriously poor. The World Health Organization estimates that urban outdoor air pollution is estimated to cause 1.3 million deaths worldwide per year. The primary health concerns of outdoor air pollution come from particulate matter less than 2.5 μm (PM2.5) and ozone (O3). Short-term exposure to PM2.5 increases cardiopulmonary morbidity and mortality. Long-term exposure to PM2.5 has been linked to adverse perinatal outcomes and lung cancer. Excessive O3 exposure is known to increase respiratory morbidity. Patients with chronic cardiopulmonary diseases are more susceptible to the adverse effects of air pollution. Counseling these patients about air pollution and the associated risks should be part of the regular management plans in clinical practice.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Huang, Y-CT

Published Date

  • October 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 56 Suppl 10 /

Start / End Page

  • S3 - S7

PubMed ID

  • 25285972

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1536-5948

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000240


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States