Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate in combination with a twice-daily lopinavir-ritonavir-based regimen in HIV-infected women showed effective contraception and a lack of clinically significant interactions, with good safety and tolerability: results of the ACTG 5283 study.

Journal Article (Clinical Trial;Journal Article;Multicenter Study)

We conducted an open-label, steady-state pharmacokinetic (PK) study of drug-drug interactions between depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) and twice-daily lopinavir (LPV) plus low-dose ritonavir (RTV) (LPV/r) among 24 HIV-infected women and compared the results to those for HIV-infected women receiving DMPA while on no antiretroviral therapy or on nucleosides only (n = 14 subjects from the control arm of AIDS Clinical Trials Group [ACTG] study 5093). The objectives of the study were to address the effect of LPV/r on DMPA and to address the effect of DMPA on LPV/r therapy. PK parameters were estimated using noncompartmental analysis with between-group comparisons of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) PKs and within-subject comparisons of LPV and RTV PKs before and 4 weeks after DMPA dosing. Plasma progesterone concentrations were measured every 2 weeks after DMPA dosing through week 12. Although the MPA area under the concentration-time curve and maximum concentration of drug in plasma were statistically significantly increased in the study women on LPV/r compared to those in the historical controls, these increases were not considered clinically significant. There were no changes in LPV or RTV exposure after DMPA. DMPA was well tolerated, and suppression of ovulation was maintained. (This study has been registered at under registration no. NCT01296152.).

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Luque, AE; Cohn, SE; Park, J-G; Cramer, Y; Weinberg, A; Livingston, E; Klingman, KL; Aweeka, F; Watts, DH

Published Date

  • April 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 59 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 2094 - 2101

PubMed ID

  • 25624326

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4356823

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1098-6596

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1128/AAC.04701-14


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States