Imaging Evaluation of Mediastinal Masses in Children and Adults: Practical Diagnostic Approach Based on A New Classification System.
A compartmental approach to the diagnosis of the mediastinal masses in children and adults has been widely used to facilitate the diagnosis and planning of diagnostic interventions and surgical treatment for many years. Recently, a new computed tomography-based mediastinal division scheme, approved by the International Thymic Malignancy Interest Group, has received considerable attention as a potential new standard. In this review article, this new computed tomography-based mediastinal division scheme is described and illustrated. In addition, currently used imaging modalities and techniques, practical imaging algorithm of evaluating mediastinal masses, and characteristic imaging findings of various mediastinal masses that occur in children and adults are discussed. Such up-to-date knowledge has the potential to facilitate better understanding of mediastinal masses in both pediatric and adult populations.
Thacker, PG; Mahani, MG; Heider, A; Lee, EY
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