Racial Discrimination in Grading: Evidence from Brazil


Journal Article

We investigate whether racial discrimination in the form of biased assessment of students is prevalent within Brazilian schools. Evidence is drawn from unique administrative data pertaining to eighth-grade students and educators. Holding constant performance in blindly-scored tests of proficiency and behavioral traits we find that blacks have lower teacher-assigned math grades than their white classmates. Heterogeneity in differentials provides evidence both of robustness with respect to omission biases and of compatibility with predictions from models of statistical discrimination. (JEL I21, I24, J15, O15).

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Botelho, F; Madeira, RA; Rangel, MA

Published Date

  • January 1, 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 7 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 37 - 52

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1945-7790

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1945-7782

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1257/app.20140352

Citation Source

  • Scopus