K12/SECTM1, an interferon-γ regulated molecule, synergizes with CD28 to costimulate human T cell proliferation.
CD7 is a cell-surface molecule, expressed on T lymphocytes and NK cells, which functions as a costimulatory receptor for T cell proliferation. SECTM1 has been proposed as a ligand for CD7. However, the expression pattern of this molecule in human immune cells and role in human T cell function remain unclear. In the present study, using human rSECTM1, we demonstrate that SECTM1 strongly costimulates CD4 and CD8 T cell proliferation and induces IFN-γ production, likely via a CD7-dependent mechanism. In addition, SECTM1 synergizes with suboptimal anti-CD28 to strongly augment T cell functions. We found a robust induction of IL-2 production when SECTM1 and anti-CD28 signals were present with TCR ligation. Furthermore, addition of SECTM1 into a MLR significantly enhanced proliferation of alloantigen-activated T cells, whereas blockade of SECTM1 inhibited T cell proliferation in a two-way MLR assay. Simultaneously blocking the effect of SECTM1, along with CTLA-4/Fc, diminishes two-way MLR. Finally, we demonstrated that expression of SECTM1 is not detected in monocytes and imMoDCs at the protein level. However, it is strongly induced by IFN-γ in monocytes and imMoDCs, and this induction is STAT1-dependent. These results indicate that SECTM1 is a broadly expressed, IFN-γ-inducible molecule, which functions as a potent costimulatory ligand for T cell activation and is synergistic with anti-CD28.
Wang, T; Huang, C; Lopez-Coral, A; Slentz-Kesler, KA; Xiao, M; Wherry, EJ; Kaufman, RE
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