Vector of device placement and trajectory of mandibular distraction.
The role of preoperative planning, the geometric changes, and the long-term effects of mandibular distraction have not been previously reported. This study included 10 patients who underwent unilateral (5 patients) or bilateral (5 patients) mandibular distraction. Preoperative, postdistraction, and yearly radiographs (panoramic, posteroanterior, and lateral cephalograms) were reviewed. Postdistraction follow-up ranged from 12 to 70 months. Postdistraction, the mandibles showed evidence of anticipated growth without relapse. This growth rate was variable and dependent on the genetic program of the native bone. Previously reported improvement in temporomandibular joint morphology was maintained in the long term. The resulting shape of the neomandible was most influenced by the vector of placement of the distraction device. When placed vertically, ramal elongation was observed. When placed horizontally, anterior projection of the mandibular body occurred. When placed obliquely, ramal and body elongation occurred with preservation of the gonial angle. After 2 to 5 years of follow-up, continued growth of the neomandible was observed.
Grayson, BH; McCormick, S; Santiago, PE; McCarthy, JG
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