Energy dependence of moments of net-proton multiplicity distributions at RHIC.

Published

Journal Article

We report the beam energy (sqrt[sNN]=7.7-200  GeV) and collision centrality dependence of the mean (M), standard deviation (σ), skewness (S), and kurtosis (κ) of the net-proton multiplicity distributions in Au+Au collisions. The measurements are carried out by the STAR experiment at midrapidity (|y|<0.5) and within the transverse momentum range 0.4<0.8  GeV/c in the first phase of the Beam Energy Scan program at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. These measurements are important for understanding the quantum chromodynamic phase diagram. The products of the moments, Sσ and κσ2, are sensitive to the correlation length of the hot and dense medium created in the collisions and are related to the ratios of baryon number susceptibilities of corresponding orders. The products of moments are found to have values significantly below the Skellam expectation and close to expectations based on independent proton and antiproton production. The measurements are compared to a transport model calculation to understand the effect of acceptance and baryon number conservation and also to a hadron resonance gas model.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Adamczyk, L; Adkins, JK; Agakishiev, G; Aggarwal, MM; Ahammed, Z; Alekseev, I; Alford, J; Anson, CD; Aparin, A; Arkhipkin, D; Aschenauer, EC; Averichev, GS; Balewski, J; Banerjee, A; Barnovska, Z; Beavis, DR; Bellwied, R; Bhasin, A; Bhati, AK; Bhattarai, P; Bichsel, H; Bielcik, J; Bielcikova, J; Bland, LC; Bordyuzhin, IG; Borowski, W; Bouchet, J; Brandin, AV; Brovko, SG; Bültmann, S; Bunzarov, I; Burton, TP; Butterworth, J; Caines, H; Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M; Cebra, D; Cendejas, R; Cervantes, MC; Chaloupka, P; Chang, Z; Chattopadhyay, S; Chen, HF; Chen, JH; Chen, L; Cheng, J; Cherney, M; Chikanian, A; Christie, W; Chwastowski, J; Codrington, MJM; Corliss, R; Cramer, JG; Crawford, HJ; Cui, X; Das, S; Davila Leyva, A; De Silva, LC; Debbe, RR; Dedovich, TG; Deng, J; Derevschikov, AA; Derradi de Souza, R; Dhamija, S; di Ruzza, B; Didenko, L; Dilks, C; Ding, F; Djawotho, P; Dong, X; Drachenberg, JL; Draper, JE; Du, CM; Dunkelberger, LE; Dunlop, JC; Efimov, LG; Engelage, J; Engle, KS; Eppley, G; Eun, L; Evdokimov, O; Fatemi, R; Fazio, S; Fedorisin, J; Filip, P; Finch, E; Fisyak, Y; Flores, CE; Gagliardi, CA; Gangadharan, DR; Garand, D; Geurts, F; Gibson, A; Girard, M; Gliske, S; Grosnick, D; Guo, Y; Gupta, A; Gupta, S; Guryn, W; Haag, B; Hajkova, O; Hamed, A; Han, L-X; Haque, R; Harris, JW; Hays-Wehle, JP; Heppelmann, S; Hirsch, A; Hoffmann, GW; Hofman, DJ; Horvat, S; Huang, B; Huang, HZ; Huck, P; Humanic, TJ; Igo, G; Jacobs, WW; Jang, H; Judd, EG; Kabana, S; Kalinkin, D; Kang, K; Kauder, K; Ke, HW; Keane, D; Kechechyan, A; Kesich, A; Khan, ZH; Kikola, DP; Kisel, I; Kisiel, A; Koetke, DD; Kollegger, T; Konzer, J; Koralt, I; Korsch, W; Kotchenda, L; Kravtsov, P; Krueger, K; Kulakov, I; Kumar, L; Kycia, RA; Lamont, MAC; Landgraf, JM; Landry, KD; Lauret, J; Lebedev, A; Lednicky, R; Lee, JH; Leight, W; LeVine, MJ; Li, C; Li, W; Li, X; Li, Y; Li, ZM; Lima, LM; Lisa, MA; Liu, F; Ljubicic, T; Llope, WJ; Longacre, RS; Luo, X; Ma, GL; Ma, YG; Madagodagettige Don, DMMD; Mahapatra, DP; Majka, R; Margetis, S; Markert, C; Masui, H; Matis, HS; McDonald, D; McShane, TS; Minaev, NG; Mioduszewski, S; Mohanty, B; Mondal, MM; Morozov, DA; Munhoz, MG; Mustafa, MK; Nandi, BK; Nasim, M; Nayak, TK; Nelson, JM; Nogach, LV; Noh, SY; Novak, J; Nurushev, SB; Odyniec, G; Ogawa, A; Oh, K; Ohlson, A; Okorokov, V; Oldag, EW; Oliveira, RAN; Pachr, M; Page, BS; Pal, SK; Pan, YX; Pandit, Y; Panebratsev, Y; Pawlak, T; Pawlik, B; Pei, H; Perkins, C; Peryt, W; Peterson, A; Pile, P; Planinic, M; Pluta, J; Plyku, D; Poljak, N; Porter, J; Poskanzer, AM; Pruthi, NK; Przybycien, M; Pujahari, PR; Putschke, J; Qiu, H; Quintero, A; Ramachandran, S; Raniwala, R; Raniwala, S; Ray, RL; Riley, CK; Ritter, HG; Roberts, JB; Rogachevskiy, OV; Romero, JL; Ross, JF; Roy, A; Ruan, L; Rusnak, J; Sahoo, NR; Sahu, PK; Sakrejda, I; Salur, S; Sandacz, A; Sandweiss, J; Sangaline, E; Sarkar, A; Schambach, J; Scharenberg, RP; Schmah, AM; Schmidke, WB; Schmitz, N; Seger, J; Seyboth, P; Shah, N; Shahaliev, E; Shanmuganathan, PV; Shao, M; Sharma, B; Shen, WQ; Shi, SS; Shou, QY; Sichtermann, EP; Singaraju, RN; Skoby, MJ; Smirnov, D; Smirnov, N; Solanki, D; Sorensen, P; deSouza, UG; Spinka, HM; Srivastava, B; Stanislaus, TDS; Stevens, JR; Stock, R; Strikhanov, M; Stringfellow, B; Suaide, AAP; Sumbera, M; Sun, X; Sun, XM; Sun, Y; Sun, Z; Surrow, B; Svirida, DN; Symons, TJM; Szanto de Toledo, A; Takahashi, J; Tang, AH; Tang, Z; Tarnowsky, T; Thomas, JH; Timmins, AR; Tlusty, D; Tokarev, M; Trentalange, S; Tribble, RE; Tribedy, P; Trzeciak, BA; Tsai, OD; Turnau, J; Ullrich, T; Underwood, DG; Van Buren, G; van Nieuwenhuizen, G; Vanfossen, JA; Varma, R; Vasconcelos, GMS; Vasiliev, AN; Vertesi, R; Videbæk, F; Viyogi, YP; Vokal, S; Voloshin, SA; Vossen, A; Wada, M; Walker, M; Wang, F; Wang, G; Wang, H; Wang, JS; Wang, XL; Wang, Y; Webb, G; Webb, JC; Westfall, GD; Wieman, H; Wissink, SW; Witt, R; Wu, YF; Xiao, Z; Xie, W; Xin, K; Xu, H; Xu, N; Xu, QH; Xu, Y; Xu, Z; Yan, W; Yang, C; Yang, Y; Ye, Z; Yepes, P; Yi, L; Yip, K; Yoo, I-K; Zawisza, Y; Zbroszczyk, H; Zha, W; Zhang, JB; Zhang, S; Zhang, XP; Zhang, Y; Zhang, ZP; Zhao, F; Zhao, J; Zhong, C; Zhu, X; Zhu, YH; Zoulkarneeva, Y; Zyzak, M; STAR Collaboration,

Published Date

  • January 23, 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 112 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 032302 -

PubMed ID

  • 24484135

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24484135

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1079-7114

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0031-9007

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1103/physrevlett.112.032302

Language

  • eng