Independent Evaluation of a Mechanical Hip Socket Navigation System in Total Hip Arthroplasty.

Journal Article

Acetabular cup malpositioning during total hip arthroplasty may lead to impingement, instability, wear-induced osteolysis, and increased rates of revision surgery. The purpose of this study was to independently evaluate the accuracy of acetabular cup orientation using a novel mechanical navigation device.An adjustable, reusable mechanical navigation device was used in a consecutive series of patients. Angles (inclination and anteversion) were measured by 2 independent reviewers with a validated 2-dimensional/3-dimensional matching application using a preoperative computed tomographic scan and a postoperative plain film.There were no outliers for inclination or anteversion for errors within 10° of the preoperative plan. There were 6 (12.8%) outliers for inclination and 11 (23.4%) for anteversion for errors within 5° of the preoperative plan. All patients simultaneously met both targets when an outlier was considered 10°, whereas 30 (63.8%) simultaneously met both targets when the criteria was tightened to 5°. The absolute errors for both inclination and anteversion were significantly less than both 5° and 10° (P<.001).This device reliably navigates acetabular cup inclination and anteversion individualized for each patient to within 10° of a preoperative plan. Outliers increased when this criteria is tightened to 5° but still appears to be more accurate than conventional acetabular cup component placement. Further research is warranted to assess the clinical impact of reducing outliers using this device.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Jennings, JM; Randell, TR; Green, CL; Zheng, G; Wellman, SS

Published Date

  • March 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 31 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 658 - 661

PubMed ID

  • 26614747

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1532-8406

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0883-5403

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.arth.2015.09.052

Language

  • eng