The PI 3-kinase/Akt signaling pathway is activated due to aberrant Pten expression and targets transcription factors NF-kappaB and c-Myc in pancreatic cancer cells.

Journal Article

The persistent activation of signaling cascades results in dramatic consequences that include loss of cellular growth control and neoplastic transformation. We show here that phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) and its mediator Akt were constitutively activated in pancreatic cancer and that this might be due to the aberrant expression of their natural antagonist MMAC/PTEN. Indeed, our results show that MMAC/PTEN expression was either lost or significantly reduced in five of eight cell lines and in twelve of seventeen tumor specimens examined. That the poor expression of MMAC/PTEN in pancreatic cancer cells could be due to promoter methylation was indicated by methylation-specific PCR analysis. Our studies also indicated that PI 3-kinase targeted two important transcription factors in pancreatic cancer cells. The ability of constitutively activated NF-kappaB to induce gene expression and the stabilization of c-MYC protein by decreased phosphorylation of Thr58 were both dependent on PI 3-kinase activity. When pancreatic cancer cells were treated with a peptide antagonist of NF-kappaB nuclear translocation, or stably transfected with a dominant-negative mutant of MYC, their proliferation was markedly inhibited. Taken together, these data indicate that the aberrant expression of MMAC/PTEN contributes to the activation of the PI 3-kinase/Akt pathway and its transcription factor mediators in pancreatic cancer.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Asano, T; Yao, Y; Zhu, J; Li, D; Abbruzzese, JL; Reddy, SAG

Published Date

  • November 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 23 / 53

Start / End Page

  • 8571 - 8580

PubMed ID

  • 15467756

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1476-5594

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0950-9232

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/sj.onc.1207902

Language

  • eng