Relative expression of E-cadherin and type IV collagenase genes predicts disease outcome in patients with resectable pancreatic carcinoma.
We examined the expression level of several genes that regulate distinct steps of metastasis in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded, archival specimens of primary human pancreatic carcinomas from patients undergoing curative surgery. The expression of epidermal growth factor receptor, E-cadherin, type IV collagenase [matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 2 and MMP-9), basic fibroblast growth factor, vascular endothelial growth factor/vascular permeability factor, and interleukin 8 was examined by a colorimetric in situ mRNA hybridization technique. Down-regulation of E-cadherin and up-regulation of type IV collagenase (MMP-9 and MMP-2) at the periphery of the neoplasms (P = 0.0167, 0.0102, and 0.0349, respectively) had significant prognostic value. The ratio of type IV collagenase expression (mean of the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9) to E-cadherin expression (MMP:E-cadherin ratio) at the periphery of the tumors was significantly higher in patients with recurrent disease (4.7 +/- 2.1) than in patients who were disease free (2.3 +/- 1.7; P = 0.0008). Death from pancreatic cancer was significantly associated with a high MMP:E-cadherin ratio (>3.0) by overall survival analysis (P < 0.0002), whereas a low MMP:E-cadherin ratio (<3.0) was found in seven of eight patients alive 28-64 months after surgery. Multivariate analysis of overall survival showed that the MMP:E-cadherin ratio was a significant independent prognostic factor, whereas stage, nodal metastasis, and histological type were not. These data show that multiparametric analysis for several metastasis-related genes may allow physicians to assess the metastatic potential and hence predict the clinical outcome of individual patients with resectable pancreatic carcinoma.
Kuniyasu, H; Ellis, LM; Evans, DB; Abbruzzese, JL; Fenoglio, CJ; Bucana, CD; Cleary, KR; Tahara, E; Fidler, IJ
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