Phase II study of adriamycin with sequential methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil (AMF) in gastric carcinoma.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the response rate, methotrexate plasma levels, and toxicity of a three-drug regimen in patients with gastric carcinoma. A total of 37 patients with advanced measurable adenocarcinoma of the stomach were treated with Adriamycin, methotrexate, and 5-fluorouracil (AMF). Adriamycin and methotrexate were given as i.v. infusions on day 1; 24 h following methotrexate administration, patients received an i.v. infusion of 5-fluorouracil concomitantly with oral leukovorin factor (given over 48 h). Methotrexate levels were monitored regularly in all patients, and courses were repeated every 3 weeks. The median dose levels per course were 50 mg/m2 (range, 40-60 mg/m2) for Adriamycin, 1,000 mg/m2 (range, 650-1,250 mg/m2) for 5-fluorouracil, and 500 mg/m2 (range, 160-625 mg/m2) for methotrexate. Of 36 evaluable patients, 8 (22%) achieved an objective response, including 1 complete remission. Stable disease was noted in 11 patients and a minor tumor regression occurred in 1. The median survival duration of all patients was 6 months (range, 2-31+ months). AMF was well tolerated; toxicities were mild to moderate, most frequently involving nausea and vomiting, mucositis, and neutropenia with or without fever. There was no death directly attributable to chemotherapy. Although the AMF regimen used a well-documented preclinical concept of synergism between methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil, response and survival results suggest a modest activity of this combination in patients with gastric cancer. Better preclinical models are necessary for the development of effective combination chemotherapy.
Ajani, JA; Goudeau, P; Levin, B; Faintuch, JS; Abbruzzese, JL; Boman, BM; Kanojia, MD
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)