Minimally invasive parathyroidectomy: 101 consecutive cases from a single surgeon.
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative rapid parathyroid hormone (iPTH) assay is changing parathyroid surgery. One surgeon's experience at a tertiary care hospital was followed as minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) was adopted. STUDY DESIGN: In this prospective case study, patients underwent technitium 99m sestamibi scanning, iPTH monitoring, and MIP. A sestamibi-directed incision was made, and iPTH was measured preincision, preexcision of abnormal gland(s), and at 5- and 10-minute intervals. MIP was complete after gland(s) was excised and iPTH fell to less than 50% of preoperative levels. Routine discharge was on the day of surgery with daily calcium and calcitriol to minimize outpatient hypocalcemia. Secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism patients were excluded. RESULTS: From December 1999 to June 2002, 101 patients underwent MIP. Patients were 27% men and 73% women, with two reoperations. Preoperation laboratory results averaged serum calcium 11.08 (normal 8.5 to 10.5 mg/dL) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) 169 pg/mL (normal 10 to 55 pg/mL). Average iPTH values at operative intervals were 152, 151, 68, and 50 pg/mL, respectively. Operation demonstrated 12% of patients had four-gland hyperplasia, 3% had double adenomas, 2% had parathyroid carcinomas, and 83% had single adenomas. Discharge on the day of surgery occurred in 83% of single-adenoma patients. Postoperative laboratory results averaged calcium 9.4 mg/dL (p < 0.001 versus preoperation) and PTH 48 pg/mL (p < 0.001). Fifteen patients (16%) had elevated PTH after operation, but without elevated calcium levels. One patient had persistant hyperparathyroidism. CONCLUSIONS: MIP with iPTH monitoring is a safe and effective means of treating hyperparathyroidism. This approach allows for limited dissection and early discharge for the majority of patients.
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