Endovascular management of isolated iliac artery aneurysms.
OBJECTIVE: We reviewed our experience with endovascular treatment of isolated iliac artery aneurysms (IAAs). METHODS: Medical records for consecutive patients undergoing endovascular IAA repair from 1995 to 2004 were reviewed. Computed tomography (CT) angiograms were used to assess IAA location, size, and presence of endoleaks after endovascular repair. Rates of primary patency and freedom from secondary interventions were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier life-table method. RESULTS: From July 1995 to November 2004, 45 patients (42 men), with a mean age of 75 years, underwent endovascular repair of 61 isolated IAAs: 41 common iliac, 19 internal iliac, and one external iliac. Five patients (11%) were symptomatic, although none presented with acute rupture. The mean preoperative IAA diameter was 4.2 +/- 1.7 cm. Fifteen patients (33%) had prior open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Local or regional anesthesia was used in 28 cases (62%). Thirty-four patients (75%) were treated with unilateral iliac stent-grafts, eight (18%) with bifurcated aortic stent-grafts, and three (7%) with coil embolization alone. Perioperative major complications included one early graft thrombosis that eventually required conversion to open repair and one groin hematoma that required operative evacuation. On follow-up, late complications included one additional graft thrombosis and one late death after amputation. No late ruptures occurred after endovascular repair, with a mean follow-up of 22 months (range, 0 to 60 months). The mean postoperative length of stay was 1.3 +/- 1.0 days. On postoperative CT scans obtained at 1, 6, 12, 24, and 36 months, aneurysm shrinkage was noted in 18%, 29%, 57%, 67%, and 83% of IAAs, respectively, compared with the baseline diameter. One hypogastric aneurysm enlarged in the presence of a later identified type II endoleak. Five endoleaks were noted (4 type II, 1 indeterminate) at 1 month, with four other endoleaks (1 type II, 1 type III, 2 indeterminate) identified on later CT scans. At 2 years, primary patency was 95%, and freedom from secondary interventions was 88%. CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular repair of isolated IAAs appears safe and effective, with initial results similar to those after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.
Boules, TN; Selzer, F; Stanziale, SF; Chomic, A; Marone, LK; Dillavou, ED; Makaroun, MS
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