Factors influencing the altered pain perception in the spontaneously hypertensive rat.

Published

Journal Article

Recent studies have demonstrated a hypoalgesia in hypertensive subjects. This study reports and evaluates factors responsible for the expression of the hypoalgesic behavior demonstrated by genetically hypertensive rats of the Okamoto-Aoki strain (SHR) as compared to normotensive age-matched Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). Analgesiometric assays were conducted by the hot plate method. SHR's hypoalgesic behavior was reversed by subcutaneously administered naloxone. The intravenous administration of naloxone did not alter arterial pressure or heart rate in either SHR or WKY. Subcutaneous administration of the peripherally acting ganglionic blocker hexamethonium bromide at a dose which lowered mean arterial blood pressure and thus decreased tonic baroreceptor stimulation, concomitantly reversed the SHR hypoalgesic behavior and induced a hyperalgesia in WKY. Denervation of the sino-aortic baroreceptors failed to alter the hypoalgesic behavior demonstrated by SHR. Denervation of the right vagal nerve trunk with associated cardiopulmonary baroreceptor afferents resulted in a reduction of the SHR hypoalgesic behavior and produced a hyperalgesic behavior in WKY as compared to age-matched sham operated controls over a 4 week period. These data suggest a possible physiological role for vagal afferent systems in the concomitant regulation of resting arterial blood pressure and responsiveness to aversive environmental stimuli. A discussion of the interaction between blood pressure and pain regulatory systems as potential substrates associated with the onset and maintenance of hypertension is provided.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Maixner, W; Touw, KB; Brody, MJ; Gebhart, GF; Long, JP

Published Date

  • April 8, 1982

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 237 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 137 - 145

PubMed ID

  • 6122488

Pubmed Central ID

  • 6122488

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0006-8993

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0006-8993(82)90562-5

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands