Lack of effect of ondansetron on the pharmacokinetics and analgesic effects of morphine and metabolites after single-dose morphine administration in healthy volunteers.
AIMS: The purpose of this investigation was to study the influence of ondansetron on the single-dose pharmacokinetics and the analgesic effects elicited by morphine and the 3- and 6-glucuronide metabolites of morphine in healthy volunteers. METHODS: This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, two-way crossover study in which six male and six female subjects were administered a single 10 mg intravenous dose of morphine sulphate, followed 30 min later by a single 16 mg intravenous dose of ondansetron hydrochloride or placebo. Serum and urine concentrations of morphine, morphine-3-glucuronide (M3G) and morphine-6-glucuronide (M6G) samples were quantified over 48 h using high performance liquid chromatography with detection by mass spectrometry. Analgesia was assessed in the volunteers with a contact thermode device to provide a thermal pain stimulus. Four analgesic response variables were measured including thermal pain threshold, thermal pain tolerance, temporal summation of pain and mood state. RESULTS: The two treatments appeared to be equivalent based on the 90% confidence intervals (0.6, 1.67) of the least squares means ratio. All least squares means ratio confidence intervals for each parameter, for each analyte fell within the specified range, demonstrating a lack of an interaction. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that administration of ondansetron (16 mg i.v.) does not alter the pharmacokinetics of morphine and its 3- or 6-glucuronide metabolites to a clinically significant extent, nor does it affect the overall analgesic response to morphine as measured by the contact thermode system.
Crews, KR; Murthy, BP; Hussey, EK; Passannante, AN; Palmer, JL; Maixner, W; Brouwer, KL
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