Pharmacological comparison of isolated monkey and dog cerebral arteries.
Pharmacological differences between canine and monkey basilar arteries were studied in vitro. The constrictor response of canine basilar artery to either norepinephrine or an alpha 1-adrenoceptor agonist phenylephrine was partly inhibited by an alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonist yohimbine but not by an alpha 1-adrenoceptor antagonist prazosin. The contraction elicited by an alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist clonidine was inhibited by neither prazosin nor yohimbine. These results suggest that the receptors in canine basilar artery which mediate norepinephrine-induced contraction are different from classical alpha 1 or alpha 2-adrenoceptors, although they more closely resemble the alpha 2- rather than the alpha 1-subtype. Using monkey basilar artery, phenylephrine produced the same amplitude of maximum contractile response as norepinephrine, though a much higher concentration of phenylephrine than norepinephrine was needed in order to elicit that maximum response. Clonidine did not elicit contractions. The contraction induced by norepinephrine was markedly suppressed by both prazosin and yohimbine in a noncompetitive fashion. The constrictor response of monkey basilar artery to norepinephrine, therefore, appears to be mediated by alpha 1-like adrenoceptors. Comparison of ED50 values for thromboxane A2 revealed that the monkey basilar artery was more sensitive to thromboxane A2 than that of the canine. Prostaglandin F2 alpha produced a larger maximum contraction in monkey basilar arteries than in canine basilar arteries, although the ED50 values for monkey basilar arteries were larger than those for canine basilar arteries. The ED50 values for serotonin in canine basilar arteries were a little less than those for monkey basilar arteries, although both arteries produced nearly identical maximum contractions.
Sasaki, T; Kassell, NF; Torner, JC; Maixner, W; Turner, DM
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