Entomological Monitoring and Evaluation: Diverse Transmission Settings of ICEMR Projects Will Require Local and Regional Malaria Elimination Strategies.


Journal Article

The unprecedented global efforts for malaria elimination in the past decade have resulted in altered vectorial systems, vector behaviors, and bionomics. These changes combined with increasingly evident heterogeneities in malaria transmission require innovative vector control strategies in addition to the established practices of long-lasting insecticidal nets and indoor residual spraying. Integrated vector management will require focal and tailored vector control to achieve malaria elimination. This switch of emphasis from universal coverage to universal coverage plus additional interventions will be reliant on improved entomological monitoring and evaluation. In 2010, the National Institutes for Allergies and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) established a network of malaria research centers termed ICEMRs (International Centers for Excellence in Malaria Research) expressly to develop this evidence base in diverse malaria endemic settings. In this article, we contrast the differing ecology and transmission settings across the ICEMR study locations. In South America, Africa, and Asia, vector biologists are already dealing with many of the issues of pushing to elimination such as highly focal transmission, proportionate increase in the importance of outdoor and crepuscular biting, vector species complexity, and "sub patent" vector transmission.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Conn, JE; Norris, DE; Donnelly, MJ; Beebe, NW; Burkot, TR; Coulibaly, MB; Chery, L; Eapen, A; Keven, JB; Kilama, M; Kumar, A; Lindsay, SW; Moreno, M; Quinones, M; Reimer, LJ; Russell, TL; Smith, DL; Thomas, MB; Walker, ED; Wilson, ML; Yan, G

Published Date

  • September 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 93 / 3 Suppl

Start / End Page

  • 28 - 41

PubMed ID

  • 26259942

Pubmed Central ID

  • 26259942

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1476-1645

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9637

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.4269/ajtmh.15-0009


  • eng