High Peak Estradiol Predicts Higher Miscarriage and Lower Live Birth Rates in High Responders Triggered with a GnRH Agonist in IVF/ICSI Cycles.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate parameters predictive of pregnancy outcomes in high responders undergoing fresh, autologous, GnRH antagonist IVF/ICSI cycles using a GnRH agonist trigger. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of all patients deemed high-risk for ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome who underwent fresh, autologous IVF/ICSI using a GnRH agonist trigger at an academic fertility center from 2010-2012. RESULTS: A total of 71 first cycles were analyzed. Rates of clinical pregnancy, live birth (LB), and total (clinical plus biochemical) miscarriage (MC) were 52%, 38%, and 25%, respectively. Mean peak estradiol (E2) and the number of oocytes retrieved were 3,701 pg/mL and 15.2, respectively. Peak E2 was significantly higher in those cycles resulting in clinical MC (p = 0.003). After adjusting for age, basal follicle stimulating hormone, and the number of oocytes retrieved, elevated peak E2 remained associated with increased clinical MC (p = 0.029) and trended towards a relationship with higher total MC (p = 0.062). When peak E2 was treated as a binary variable based on the threshold value of > 5,000 pg/mL, peak E2 above this value was associated with a higher rate of clinical MC (OR = 16.14 with 95% CI 1.25-209.35, p = 0.033) and total MC (OR = 6.81 with 95% CI 1.12-41.54, p = 0.037), as well as a lower LB rate (OR = 0.095 with 95% CI 0.01-0.90, p = 0.041). CONCLUSION: Clinicians should recognize most IVF/ICSI patients triggered with a GnRH agonist as inherently in danger of excessively high serum E2 and avoid peak levels > 5,000 pg/mL in order to avoid higher MC and lower LB rates.
Steward, RG; Zhang, CE; Shah, AA; Yeh, JS; Chen, C; Li, Y-J; Price, TM; Muasher, SJ
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