Phantom and in vivo demonstration of swept synthetic aperture imaging

Conference Paper

© 2015 IEEE. Ultrasound imaging of deep abdominal targets suffers from low lateral resolution due to limited aperture size and low-frequency transmit pulses. We demonstrate phantom and in vivo imaging results using a device that allows a tracked mechanical sweep of a commercially available ultrasound array. The position data and device calibration have sufficient precision to allow coherent combination of the backscattered echoes from array positions separated by up to 56.4 degrees at a radius of 10 cm acquired in a time frame of one second, forming a synthetic aperture significantly larger than the physical footprint of the array. In a wire phantom, an 87.5% reduction in full width at half maximum is achieved using this method compared to a single-position full synthetic aperture acquisition. In addition to increased resolution, a 4.2 dB improvement in contrast and 17.3% improvement in contrast-to-noise ratio were measured in a fetal phantom target. The technique was successfully applied to an in vivo liver study using a 45 degree sweep, improving the visibility of both large anechoic targets and small structures on the order of the resolution cell of a conventional image.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bottenus, N; Long, W; Bradway, D; Trahey, G

Published Date

  • November 13, 2015

Published In

  • 2015 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2015

International Standard Book Number 13 (ISBN-13)

  • 9781479981823

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1109/ULTSYM.2015.0075

Citation Source

  • Scopus