Genetically predicted body mass index and Alzheimer's disease-related phenotypes in three large samples: Mendelian randomization analyses.


Journal Article

Observational research shows that higher body mass index (BMI) increases Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk, but it is unclear whether this association is causal. We applied genetic variants that predict BMI in Mendelian randomization analyses, an approach that is not biased by reverse causation or confounding, to evaluate whether higher BMI increases AD risk. We evaluated individual-level data from the AD Genetics Consortium (ADGC: 10,079 AD cases and 9613 controls), the Health and Retirement Study (HRS: 8403 participants with algorithm-predicted dementia status), and published associations from the Genetic and Environmental Risk for AD consortium (GERAD1: 3177 AD cases and 7277 controls). No evidence from individual single-nucleotide polymorphisms or polygenic scores indicated BMI increased AD risk. Mendelian randomization effect estimates per BMI point (95% confidence intervals) were as follows: ADGC, odds ratio (OR) = 0.95 (0.90-1.01); HRS, OR = 1.00 (0.75-1.32); GERAD1, OR = 0.96 (0.87-1.07). One subscore (cellular processes not otherwise specified) unexpectedly predicted lower AD risk.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Mukherjee, S; Walter, S; Kauwe, JSK; Saykin, AJ; Bennett, DA; Larson, EB; Crane, PK; Glymour, MM; Adult Changes in Thought Study Investigators, ; Religious Orders Study/Memory and Aging Project Investigators, ; Alzheimer's Disease Genetics Consortium,

Published Date

  • December 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 11 / 12

Start / End Page

  • 1439 - 1451

PubMed ID

  • 26079416

Pubmed Central ID

  • 26079416

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1552-5279

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jalz.2015.05.015


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States