An implantable drug delivery system (IDDS) for refractory cancer pain provides sustained pain control, less drug-related toxicity, and possibly better survival compared with comprehensive medical management (CMM).


Journal Article

The randomized clinical trial of implantable drug delivery systems (IDDS) plus comprehensive medical management (CMM) versus CMM alone showed better clinical success at 4 weeks for IDDS patients. This 'as treated' analysis assessed if improvements in pain control, drug toxicity and survival were maintained over time.We compared those who received IDDS with those who did not receive IDDS (non-IDDS). All patients had Visual Analogue Scores (VAS) for pain > or =5/10 on at least 200 mg morphine or equivalent daily.At 4 weeks, 46 of 52 (88.5%) IDDS patients achieved clinical success compared with 65 of 91 (71.4%; P=0.02) non-IDDS patients, and more often achieved > or =20% reduction in both pain VAS and toxicity [35 of 52 (67.3%) versus 33 of 91 patients (36.3%); P=0.0003]. By 12 weeks, 47 of 57 (82.5%) IDDS patients had clinical success compared with 35 of 45 (77.8%; P=0.55) non-IDDS patients, and more often had a > or =20% reduction in both pain VAS and toxicity [33 of 57 (57.9%) versus 15 of 45 patients (33.3%); P=0.01]. At 12 weeks the IDDS VAS pain scores decreased from 7.81 to 3.89 (47% reduction) compared with 7.21 to 4.53 for non-IDDS patients (42% reduction; P=0.23). The 12 week drug toxicity scores for IDDS patients decreased from 6.68 to 2.30 (66% reduction), and for non-IDDS patients from 6.73 to 4.13 (37% reduction; P=0.01). All individual drug toxicities improved with IDDS at both 4 and 12 weeks. At 6 months, only 32% of the group randomized to CMM and who did not cross over to IDDS were alive, compared with 52%-59% for patients in those groups who received IDDS.IDDS improved clinical success, reduced pain scores, relieved most toxicity of pain control drugs, and was associated with increased survival for the duration of this 6 month trial.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Smith, TJ; Coyne, PJ; Staats, PS; Deer, T; Stearns, LJ; Rauck, RL; Boortz-Marx, RL; Buchser, E; Català, E; Bryce, DA; Cousins, M; Pool, GE

Published Date

  • May 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 16 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 825 - 833

PubMed ID

  • 15817596

Pubmed Central ID

  • 15817596

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1569-8041

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0923-7534

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/annonc/mdi156


  • eng