Prostaglandins modulate hormonal effects on rabbit myometrial alpha 1-adrenergic responses.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Estrogen increases the alpha 1-adrenergic contractile sensitivity of the rabbit uterus. Since estrogen treatment increases prostaglandin (PG) production by the perfused rabbit uterus, and PGs contribute to the alpha 1-adrenergic contractile response, we postulated that estrogen's effects on PG production or response may play a role in the increased alpha 1-adrenergic sensitivity induced by estrogen. We studied the effects of the eicosanoid synthesis inhibitor meclofenamate (60 microM) on the response to epinephrine (10(-9)-10(-5) M) of uterine strips from ovariectomized, mature, and estrogen-treated rabbits in terms of both contractile response and PGE2 and PGF2 alpha production. We also measured the contractile response to PGE2 and PGF2 alpha (both 10(-10)-10(-5) M) and KCl (70 mM) of uterine strips from these groups. We found that in the ovariectomized rabbits, meclofenamate decreased PG production, but did not alter the alpha 1-adrenergic sensitivity. In the mature rabbit uterus, meclofenamate decreased both PGE2 and PGF2 alpha production and reduced the alpha 1-adrenergic sensitivity. In the estrogen-treated rabbit uterus, meclofenamate decreased PGF2 alpha, but not PGE2, production and did not alter the alpha 1-adrenergic sensitivity. Finally, meclofenamate reduced the contractile response to KCl in all three groups, and exposure to PGE2 increased the contractile response to KCl in both the mature and estrogen-treated rabbits. We conclude that PGs play a role in the increase in the alpha 1-adrenergic sensitivity of the uterus in mature rabbits, and that this may be the result of an estrogen-mediated alteration in the postreceptor effects of PGs.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hurd, WW; Riemer, RK; Goldfien, A; Roberts, JM

Published Date

  • September 1, 1991

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 129 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 1436 - 1442

PubMed ID

  • 1651850

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0013-7227

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1210/endo-129-3-1436


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States