Recombinant human uteroglobin inhibits the in vitro invasiveness of human metastatic prostate tumor cells and the release of arachidonic acid stimulated by fibroblast-conditioned medium.
Uteroglobin (UG) is a potent immunomodulatory and antiinflammatory secretory protein with high levels detected in human prostate tissue. We used three human prostate cancer cell lines (DU-145, PC3-M, and LNCaP) to test the hypothesis that UG may modulate invasiveness of prostatic carcinoma cells in the Boyden chamber assay for invasion through a reconstituted basement membrane preparation. Fibroblast-conditioned medium was used as the chemoattractant. The most invasive cell line was DU-145, followed by PC3-M, whereas the androgen-dependent LNCaP cell line exhibited extremely low invasive potential. Pretreatment of DU-145 and PC3-M cells for 24 h with 0.01, 0.1, or 1.0 microM recombinant UG had no effect on basal invasiveness but inhibited fibroblast-conditioned medium-stimulated invasion in a dose-dependent manner, reaching up to 60.2 and 87.9% inhibition of DU-145 and PC3-M, respectively. UG had no effect on either cell-reconstituted basement membrane adhesion or simple chemotaxis in the absence of reconstituted basement membrane. UG also strongly inhibited the biphasic release of [14C]-labeled arachidonic acid from fibroblast-conditioned medium-stimulated DU-145 cells. These results suggest that UG may modulate prostate tumor cell invasiveness and that the mechanism may include inhibition of the arachidonic acid signal cascade.
Leyton, J; Manyak, MJ; Mukherjee, AB; Miele, L; Mantile, G; Patierno, SR
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