Prediction of numbing and effortful avoidance in female rape survivors with chronic PTSD.
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationships among numbing, arousal, intrusion, and avoidance in a sample of 272 female rape survivors. Multiple regression analyses were conducted to test a theoretical model, which posits that hyperarousal and numbing are functionally related mechanisms and intrusions and avoidance are functionally related. Results supported the hypothesis that arousal explained the majority of the variance in numbing beyond that explained by avoidance and intrusion. In addition, intrusive symptoms explained the majority of the variance in effortful avoidance beyond that explained by numbing and arousal. The findings suggest that numbing and effortful avoidance may be separate mechanisms associated with symptoms of arousal and intrusion, respectively.
Feuer, CA; Nishith, P; Resick, P
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