Physical therapy exercise intervention based on classification using the patient response method: A systematic review of the literature
It has been suggested that inclusion into a study that categorizes patients in mutually exclusive, clinometric classifications should improve the outcome of an exercise based randomized clinical trial. This review examined the evidence regarding the effectiveness of physical therapist-directed therapeutic exercises when patients were classified using the patient response method. This systematic literature review restricted article inclusion to English-only articles that classified homogenous samples of low back pain patients using the patient response based method, demonstrated physical therapist-directed exercise interventions, and used specific outcome criteria for assessment of patient improvement. The PEDro scale was used to rate the methodological quality of the studies. Of 82 articles reviewed only 5 articles were accepted. All 5 met the PEDro standards for a high-quality study. Of the 5 articles, 4 demonstrated that physical therapy exercise intervention based on the patient response method of classification were significantly better than the pragmatic control comparisons; the remaining article indicated that exercise was less effective than manipulation. There appears to be a trend toward positive outcomes with physical therapy exercise intervention in trials restricted to the patient response method of classification; however, few studies have investigated this phenomenon.
Cook, C; Hegedus, EJ; Ramey, K
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