Estimating the changes in the distribution of energy efficiency in the U.S. automobile assembly industry

Published

Journal Article

This paper describes the EPA's voluntary ENERGY STAR program and the results of the automobile manufacturing industry's efforts to advance energy management as measured by the updated ENERGY STAR Energy Performance Indicator (EPI). A stochastic single-factor input frontier estimation using the gamma error distribution is applied to separately estimate the distribution of the electricity and fossil fuel efficiency of assembly plants using data from 2003 to 2005 and then compared to model results from a prior analysis conducted for the 1997-2000 time period. This comparison provides an assessment of how the industry has changed over time. The frontier analysis shows a modest improvement (reduction) in "best practice" for electricity use and a larger one for fossil fuels. This is accompanied by a large reduction in the variance of fossil fuel efficiency distribution. The results provide evidence of a shift in the frontier, in addition to some "catching up" of poor performing plants over time. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Boyd, GA

Published Date

  • March 1, 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 42 /

Start / End Page

  • 81 - 87

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0140-9883

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.eneco.2013.11.008

Citation Source

  • Scopus