Pregnancy and estradiol decrease GTPase activity in the guinea pig uterine artery.

Published

Journal Article

The mechanisms by which pregnancy redistributes cardiac output in an organ-specific manner are poorly understood. We propose that it is consequential to estrogen-mediated alterations in G protein-mediated signal transduction. Aortas and uterine (UAs) and mesenteric arteries (MAs) were obtained from late-pregnant, nonpregnant, or ovariectomized guinea pigs chronically treated with 17beta-estradiol. High-affinity GTPase activity was assayed enzymatically. The cGMP generated in response to the endothelium-dependent agonist ACh was measured in UAs incubated with or without cholera toxin (CTX, which inhibits G(s)alpha). Pregnancy significantly decreased UA but not aorta or MA GTPase activity. 17beta-Estradiol decreased UA GTPase activity compared with untreated ovariectomized animals. ACh increased cGMP in pregnant but not nonpregnant UAs. Pretreatment of nonpregnant UAs with CTX increased ACh-induced cGMP levels similar to pregnancy. Thus pregnancy and estradiol decrease the GTPase activity of a CTX-sensitive G protein in UAs, increasing receptor-dependent cGMP release. This alteration in receptor-mediated G protein coupling in UAs may contribute to the characteristic cardiovascular adaptation to pregnancy.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Buhimschi, IA; Hall, G; Thompson, LP; Weiner, CP

Published Date

  • November 2001

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 281 / 5

Start / End Page

  • H2168 - H2175

PubMed ID

  • 11668079

Pubmed Central ID

  • 11668079

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0363-6135

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1152/ajpheart.2001.281.5.H2168

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States