Linear velocity surge caused by mobile-phase compression as a source of band broadening in isocratic ultrahigh-pressure liquid chromatography
A linear velocity surge caused by mobile-phase compression was investigated as a source of band broadening for ultrahigh-pressure liquid chromatography (UHPLC). To measure the effect of compression on mobile-phase velocity, ionic sample fronts were monitored using a contactless conductivity detector, as they migrated through long packed capillaries. Mobile-phase compression was found to cause an abnormally high linear velocity surge as the pressure was applied to the inlet of the column. An empirical equation was developed to describe the mobile-phase flow velocity during and after compression. Data fits to this equation were then used to determine the amount of additional variance caused by mobile-phase compression. For a 10/90 v/v acetonitrile/water mobile phase, the velocity surge occurred over roughly 10-15% of the column length. In addition, the velocity surge caused by mobile-phase compression was found to be capable of causing a 50% increase in the measured van Deemter C-terms for reversed-phase UHPLC. © 2005 American Chemical Society.
Jerkovich, AD; Mellors, JS; Thompson, JW; Jorgenson, JW
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