A mass spectrometry-based proteomic approach to study Marek's Disease Virus gene expression.
Marek's Disease Virus (MDV) is an avian herpesvirus that causes a lymphoproliferative disorder in chickens. MDV transitions between a lytic phase in which new viruses are produced and a latent phase in which the virus lays dormant. The mechanism controlling this lytic-to-latent switch remains unclear. To better understand the lytic phase of MDV infection, a mass spectrometry-based strategy was developed to identify viral proteins and to qualitatively examine their abundance in lytically infected chicken embryo fibroblast (CEF) cells. A combination of strong cation exchange chromatography (SCXC) and microcapillary reversed-phase liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (murpLC/MS/MS) was used to resolve peptides from tryptic digests of MDV-infected CEF cell lysates. Peptides were identified by searching the tandem mass spectra against a protein database containing both MDV proteins and all currently available Gallus gallus proteins using the SEQUEST algorithm. A total of 427 MDV peptides, corresponding to 82 unique proteins, were identified, with 56 of them detected with at least two unique peptides. Overall, nearly 80% of all putative MDV proteins expressed in infected CEF cells were identified. We anticipate that this approach will be a viable method for determining how viral and host proteome changes occurring in Marek's Disease pathogenesis regulate the switch between the lytic and latent phases of the MDV life cycle.
Liu, H-CS; Soderblom, EJ; Goshe, MB
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