Designing research studies on psychosocial interventions in autism.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

To address methodological challenges in research on psychosocial interventions for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a model was developed for systematically validating and disseminating interventions in a sequence of steps. First, initial efficacy studies are conducted to establish interventions as promising. Next, promising interventions are assembled into a manual, which undergoes pilot-testing. Then, randomized clinical trials test efficacy under controlled conditions. Finally, effectiveness studies evaluate outcomes in community settings. Guidelines for research designs at each step are presented. Based on the model, current priorities in ASD research include (a) preparation for efficacy and effectiveness trials by developing manuals for interventions that have shown promise and (b) initial efficacy studies on interventions for core features of ASD such as social reciprocity.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Smith, T; Scahill, L; Dawson, G; Guthrie, D; Lord, C; Odom, S; Rogers, S; Wagner, A

Published Date

  • February 2007

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 37 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 354 - 366

PubMed ID

  • 16897380

Pubmed Central ID

  • 16897380

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0162-3257

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s10803-006-0173-3

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States