Obesity in American-Indian children: prevalence, consequences, and prevention.

Journal Article (Review)

BACKGROUND: American Indians of all ages and both sexes have a high prevalence of obesity. The health risks associated with obesity are numerous and include Type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and respiratory problems. Obesity has become a major health problem in American Indians only in the past few generations and it is believed to be associated with the relative abundance of high-fat, high-calorie foods and the rapid change from active to sedentary lifestyles. METHODS: The authors reviewed selected literature on prevalence of obesity in American-Indian children, and health consequences of obesity. RESULTS: Obesity is now one of the most serious public health problems facing American-Indian children, and it has grave implications for the immediate and long-term health of American-Indian youth. Unless this pattern is reversed, American-Indian populations will be burdened by an increased incidence of chronic diseases. Intervention studies are urgently needed in American-Indian communities to develop and test effective strategies for obesity prevention and treatment. CONCLUSIONS: To be effective, educational and environmental interventions must be developed with full participation of the American-Indian communities.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Story, M; Stevens, J; Himes, J; Stone, E; Rock, BH; Ethelbah, B; Davis, S

Published Date

  • December 2003

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 37 / 6 Pt 2

Start / End Page

  • S3 - 12

PubMed ID

  • 14636804

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1096-0260

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0091-7435

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ypmed.2003.08.008

Language

  • eng