Association of CASP7 polymorphisms and survival of patients with non-small cell lung cancer with platinum-based chemotherapy treatment.
BACKGROUND: CASP7 plays a crucial role in cancer development and chemotherapy efficacy. We, therefore, explored whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the CASP7 gene can modulate outcomes of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with first-line platinum-based chemotherapy. METHODS: We systematically genotyped 17 SNPs of CASP7 first in a discovery set of 279 patients with advanced NSCLC treated with platinum-based chemotherapy and then replicated the results in an independent set of 384 patients, in whom we evaluated associations with overall survival (OS) and progress-free survival (PFS) by Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox hazards regression analysis. RESULTS: In both discovery and validation sets as well as in the pooled analysis, heterozygotes of CASP7 rs2227310 and rs4353229 as well as rs12415607 variant allele were strongly associated with a better OS of NSCLC (in the pooled sample: adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.73; 95% CI = 0.59-0.90; P = .003; HR, 0.72; 95% CI = 0.59-0.89; P = .002; and HR, 0.76; 95% CI = 0.62-0.94; P = .009; respectively). In stratified analyses of the pooled data set, treated with paclitaxel, individuals carrying variant allele of rs2227310, rs4353229, and rs12415607 had significantly improved OS (HR, 0.60; 95% CI = 0.41-0.87; P = .008; HR, 0.58; 95% CI = 0.39-0.84; P = .004; and HR, 0.61; 95% CI = 0.42-0.89; P = .010; respectively). CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence that genetic variations of CASP7 may modulate OS and PFS of patients with advanced NSCLC treated with platinum-based chemotherapy.
Qian, J; Gu, S; Wu, Q; Zhao, X; Wu, W; Gao, Z; Zhang, W; Tan, X; Wang, H; Wang, J; Fan, W; Chen, H; Han, B; Lu, D; Wei, Q; Jin, L
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