ERCC1 and ERCC2 polymorphisms predict clinical outcomes of oxaliplatin-based chemotherapies in gastric and colorectal cancer: a systemic review and meta-analysis.
PURPOSE: Nucleotide excision repair (NER) modulates platinum-based chemotherapeutic efficacy by removing drug-produced DNA damage. To summarize published data on the association between polymorphisms of NER genes (ERCC1 and ERCC2) and responses to oxaliplatin-based chemotherapies, we carried out a meta-analysis of gastric and colorectal cancer for commonly studied polymorphisms ERCC1 rs11615C>T and ERCC2 rs13181T>G. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 17 previously published studies, 1,787 cancer patients were treated with the oxaliplatin-based regimen. Primary outcomes included therapeutic response (TR; i.e., complete response + partial response vs. stable disease + progressive disease), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). We calculated OR or HR with 95% CIs to estimate the risk or hazard. RESULTS: We found consistent and clinically substantial risk or hazard for TR, PFS, and OS in the oxaliplatin-treated gastric and colorectal cancer patients with an ethnic discrepancy. For ERCC1 rs11615C>T, the T allele was associated with reduced response and poor PFS and OS in Asians (TR: OR = 0.53 and 95% CI = 0.35-0.81; PFS: HR = 1.69 and 95% CI = 1.05-2.70; and OS: HR = 2.03 and 95% CI = 1.60-2.59). For ERCC2 rs13181T>G, the G allele was associated with reduced response and poor PFS and OS in Caucasians (TR: OR = 0.56 and 95% CI = 0.35-0.88; PFS: HR = 1.41 and 95% CI = 1.02-1.95; and OS: HR = 1.42 and 95% CI = 1.11-1.81). CONCLUSIONS: NER ERCC1 rs11615C>T and ERCC2 rs13181T>G polymorphisms are useful prognostic factors in oxaliplatin-based treatment of gastric and colorectal cancer. Larger studies and further clinical trials are warranted to confirm these findings.
Yin, M; Yan, J; Martinez-Balibrea, E; Graziano, F; Lenz, H-J; Kim, H-J; Robert, J; Im, S-A; Wang, W-S; Etienne-Grimaldi, M-C; Wei, Q
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)