Association between polymorphisms in the GSTA4 gene and risk of lung cancer: a case-control study in a Southeastern Chinese population.
GST Alpha 4 (GSTA4) has an important role in the protection against oxidative stress induced by carcinogens such as tobacco smoke. However, few studies investigated the association between GSTA4 polymorphisms and lung cancer risk. We genotyped three selected GSTA4 SNPs (rs182623 - 1718:T > A, rs3798804 + 5034:G > A and rs316141 + 13984:C > T) in a case-control study of 500 lung cancer patients and 517 cancer-free controls and evaluated the association between these SNPs and risk of lung cancer in this Han Chinese population. We found that there was a significant difference in genotype and allele frequency distributions of GSTA4 -1718 between the cases and the controls (P = 0.006 and P = 0.003, respectively). Compared with the GSTA4 -1718TT genotype, individuals with the TA + AA genotypes had a significantly decreased risk of lung cancer (adjusted OR, 0.63; 95% CI, 0.47-0.84; P = 0.006). Although there were no such statistical differences between the cases and controls at the loci +5034 and +13984, nor for histological types, individuals carrying the genotypes of -1718TA, +5034GG and +13984CT had a significantly decreased lung cancer risk (OR, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.23-0.61; P < 0.0001), especially for those smokers who smoked
Qian, J; Jing, J; Jin, G; Wang, H; Wang, Y; Liu, H; Wang, H; Li, R; Fan, W; An, Y; Sun, W; Ma, H; Miao, R; Hu, Z; Jin, L; Wei, Q; Shen, H; Huang, W; Lu, D
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