Genetic variants in GTF2H1 and risk of lung cancer: a case-control analysis in a Chinese population.
GTF2H1, the p62 subunit of the multiprotein complex transcription factor IIH (TFIIH), participates in both the nucleotide excision repair process and transcription control by specifically interacting with a variety of factors important in carcinogenesis. To elucidate the role of genetic variation in GTF2H1 in the etiology of lung cancer, we conducted a case-control study of 500 incident lung cancer cases and 517 controls in a Chinese population by genotyping six common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in GTF2H1. An increased risk was associated with the variant genotypes of rs3802967 [adjusted odds ratio (OR)=1.38, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.04-1.82], rs4150606 (adjusted OR=1.44, 95% CI=1.08-1.92), and rs4150678 (adjusted OR=1.37, 95% CI=1.04-1.81) in a dominant genetic model. The risk for rs3802967C/T+T/T genotypes was more pronounced among males subjects (P=0.002). In contrast, a decreased risk was associated with the rs4150667T/T genotype (adjusted OR=0.59, 95% CI=0.38-0.93) in a recessive model. Haplotype analysis showed that the haplotype "222212" (1 for common alleles and 2 for minor alleles) was associated with increased risk of lung cancer (P=0.03). Further evaluation using luciferase reporter constructs showed that the T allele of rs3802967 had higher luciferase expression, suggesting that the -79C-->T change may affect transcriptional activation of GTF2H1. Taken together, these results suggest that GTF2H1 polymorphisms/haplotypes may contribute to genetic susceptibility to lung cancer.
Wu, W; Liu, H; Lei, R; Chen, D; Zhang, S; Lv, J; Wang, Y; Fan, W; Qian, J; Jin, G; Ma, H; Miao, R; Hu, Z; Wang, H; Jin, L; Wei, Q; Shen, H; Huang, W; Lu, D
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