Involuntary smoking and head and neck cancer risk: pooled analysis in the International Head and Neck Cancer Epidemiology Consortium.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Although active tobacco smoking has been identified as a major risk factor for head and neck cancer, involuntary smoking has not been adequately evaluated because of the relatively low statistical power in previous studies. We took advantage of data pooled in the International Head and Neck Cancer Epidemiology Consortium to evaluate the role of involuntary smoking in head and neck carcinogenesis. Involuntary smoking exposure data were pooled across six case-control studies in Central Europe, Latin America, and the United States. Adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were estimated for 542 cases and 2,197 controls who reported never using tobacco, and the heterogeneity among the study-specific ORs was assessed. In addition, stratified analyses were done by subsite. No effect of ever involuntary smoking exposure either at home or at work was observed for head and neck cancer overall. However, long duration of involuntary smoking exposure at home and at work was associated with an increased risk (OR for >15 years at home, 1.60; 95% CI, 1.12-2.28; P(trend) < 0.01; OR for >15 years at work, 1.55; 95% CI, 1.04-2.30; P(trend) = 0.13). The effect of duration of involuntary smoking exposure at home was stronger for pharyngeal and laryngeal cancers than for other subsites. An association between involuntary smoking exposure and the risk of head and neck cancer, particularly pharyngeal and laryngeal cancers, was observed for long duration of exposure. These results are consistent with those for active smoking and suggest that elimination of involuntary smoking exposure might reduce head and neck cancer risk among never smokers.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lee, Y-CA; Boffetta, P; Sturgis, EM; Wei, Q; Zhang, Z-F; Muscat, J; Lazarus, P; Matos, E; Hayes, RB; Winn, DM; Zaridze, D; Wünsch-Filho, V; Eluf-Neto, J; Koifman, S; Mates, D; Curado, MP; Menezes, A; Fernandez, L; Daudt, AW; Szeszenia-Dabrowska, N; Fabianova, E; Rudnai, P; Ferro, G; Berthiller, J; Brennan, P; Hashibe, M

Published Date

  • August 2008

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 17 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 1974 - 1981

PubMed ID

  • 18708387

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2561190

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1055-9965

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-08-0047


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States