Direct correlation between DNA repair capacity and metastatic potential of K-1735 murine melanoma cells.
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the ability of K-1735 murine melanoma cells to repair DNA damage correlates with their metastatic potential. Three nonmetastatic clones, four metastatic clones, and three somatic-cell hybrids between metastatic and nonmetastatic clones were exposed to incident ultraviolet (UV) light (254 nm). Cell survival was determined by the microculture tetrazolium assay, which measures cell metabolic activity. DNA repair capacity was determined with a host-cell reactivation assay, which measures the activities of chloramphenicol acetyltransferase encoded by the reporter gene in both UV-damaged and undamaged plasmid (control) pCMV cat 40 h after transfection. No discernible differences in transfection efficiencies were found between K-1735 clones with low and high metastatic potential or between cells transfected with UV-damaged and control plasmids. DNA repair capacity directly correlated with cell survival (p < 0.05) and with metastatic potential in the K-1735 clones and somatic cell hybrids (p < 0.05). These data suggest that the intrinsic resistance of melanoma metastases to systemic chemotherapy may be due, in part, to the cells' enhanced DNA repair capacity.
Wei, Q; Cheng, L; Xie, K; Bucana, CD; Dong, Z
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