Expression of five selected human mismatch repair genes simultaneously detected in normal and cancer cell lines by a nonradioactive multiplex reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction.
Abnormalities in at least 1 of 5 mismatch repair (MMR) genes (hMSH2, hMLH1, hPMS1, hPMS2 and GTBP/hMSH6) are found in hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer and sporadic colon cancers. We used a single-reaction multiplex reverse transcription (RT)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR), with the beta-actin gene as an internal control, to simultaneously evaluate expression of these 5 known human MMR genes in normal and tumor cell lines with known or uncharacterized mutations in MMR genes. The relative quantitation of the transcripts is demonstrated by controlling the number of PCR cycles and titrating cDNA with a dose-curve. The 13 normal cell lines tested were derived from normal lymphocytes, skin, thymus, breast, lung, colon, liver and kidney. The 26 cancer cell lines were derived from melanoma and cancers of the brain, breast, lung, colon, pancreas and prostate. All 5 MMR genes were ubiquitously expressed in all normal cell lines tested, suggesting their housekeeping roles. Aberrant MMR gene expression was only observed in the colon cancer cell lines. Two previously uncharacterized colon cancer cell lines did not express hMLH1. These data suggest that this nonradioactive multiplex RT-PCR assay for MMR gene expression may be useful for fast screening for genetic alterations that may affect gene expression and so may aid molecular analysis of MMR-related colon cancer.
Wei, Q; Guan, Y; Cheng, L; Radinsky, R; Bar-Eli, M; Tsan, R; Li, L; Legerski, RJ
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