Cytochalasins enhance the proliferation of CD4 cells through the CD3-Ti antigen receptor complex or the CD2 molecule through an effect on early events of activation.
Cytochalasins are known to inhibit or enhance the proliferation of T cells induced by mitogens in a concentration-dependent fashion. To clarify the mechanism by which cytochalasins enhance T cell proliferation, we examined which activation pathways and events in signal transduction were affected by cytochalasins. We also examined subsets of CD4 cells for a preferential response to cytochalasins. Cytochalasins enhanced the proliferation of CD4 cells induced by optimal doses of anti-CD3 antibody or suboptimal doses of anti-CD2 antibodies. Cytochalasins, at low concentrations, enhanced the rise in intracellular Ca2+ and production of IP3 in CD4 cells activated by anti-CD2 or CD3 antibodies. Cytochalasins also enhanced the modulation of CD3 induced by anti-CD3 antibody. These results suggest that cytochalasins enhance the proliferation of CD4 cells by affecting early events in signal transduction after activation through the CD3-Ti Ag-receptor complex or CD2 molecule. At the doses used, cytochalasins appear to interact with cytochalasin-binding sites in the cell membrane. Cytochalasins predominantly enhanced CD3-mediated proliferation in the CD29-subset of CD4 cells.
Matsuyama, T; Yamada, A; Deusch, K; Sleasman, J; Daley, JF; Torimoto, Y; Abe, T
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