Randomized trial comparing mindfulness training for smokers to a matched control.

Journal Article

Smoking continues to take an enormous toll on society, and although most smokers would like to quit, most are unsuccessful using existing therapies. These findings call on researchers to develop and test therapies that provide higher rates of long-term smoking abstinence. We report results of a randomized controlled trial comparing a novel smoking cessation treatment using mindfulness training to a matched control based on the American Lung Association's Freedom From Smoking program. Data were collected on 175 low socioeconomic status smokers in 2011-2012 in a medium sized midwestern city. A significant difference was not found in the primary outcome; intent-to-treat biochemically confirmed 6-month smoking abstinence rates were mindfulness=25.0%, control=17.9% (p=0.35). Differences favoring the mindfulness condition were found on measures of urges and changes in mindfulness, perceived stress, and experiential avoidance. While no significant differences were found in quit rates, the mindfulness intervention resulted in positive outcomes.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Davis, JM; Manley, AR; Goldberg, SB; Smith, SS; Jorenby, DE

Published Date

  • September 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 47 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 213 - 221

PubMed ID

  • 24957302

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-6483

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0740-5472

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jsat.2014.04.005

Language

  • eng