Myoid differentiation and prognosis in adult pleomorphic sarcomas of the extremity: an analysis of 92 cases.
BACKGROUND: The results of a recent study demonstrated an association between myoid differentiation and an adverse prognosis in adult patients with pleomorphic sarcoma, as determined by 5-year metastasis-free survival rates. METHODS: To confirm the importance of muscle differentiation on prognosis in a well controlled clinical context, 92 samples from patients with pleomorphic sarcoma of the extremity from a single institution were immunostained with 4 monoclonal antibodies believed to be correlated with myoid differentiation: alpha-smooth muscle actin, muscle-specific actin, desmin, and myoglobin. RESULTS: Forty-two cases were positive for at least 1 muscle marker and 50 cases were uniformly negative. Between the two groups, there was no significant difference in tumor size, tumor extent, or patient age found; however, histologic grade was significantly higher (P = 0.038) in the myoid tumors. The 5-year survival differed significantly between patients with myoid tumors (35%) and those without myoid tumors (65%) (P = 0.0054). Myoid differentiation remained an adverse prognostic indicator after adjusting for clinically significant factors (i.e., histologic grade, tumor size, tumor extent, and patient age) (P = 0.01) (hazard ratio, 2.39; 95% confidence interval, 1.24-4.63). Furthermore, there was an inverse relation found between the number of myoid markers present and survival (P = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Myoid differentiation was found to be an independent indicator of adverse prognosis in adult patients with pleomorphic spindle cell sarcoma of the extremity.
Deyrup, AT; Haydon, RC; Huo, D; Ishikawa, A; Peabody, TD; He, T-C; Montag, AG
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