Transabdominal duplex ultrasonography for bedside inferior vena cava filter placement: examples, technique, and review.
Pulmonary embolism remains an endemic challenge for public health care. The first line of treatment for venous thromboembolic disorder has been anticoagulation; however, in the absence of appropriate pharmacologic treatment, because of failure or contraindication, caval filter placement has been widely performed in the prevention of pulmonary embolism. Initially an open surgical procedure, technological advancements have allowed filter placement to be done percutaneously. Bedside filter placement in the intensive care unit with ultrasonographic imaging has been reported to be safe, effective, and reliable. In this report, we present an example, discuss our technique, and review the literature.
Amankwah, KS; Seymour, K; Costanza, M; Berger, J; Gahtan, V
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