Influences of Regional Climate Change on Air Quality Across the Continental U.S. Projected from Downscaling IPCC AR5 Simulations


Journal Article

Projecting climate change scenarios to local scales is important for understanding, mitigating, and adapting to the effects of climate change on society and the environment. Many of the global climate models (GCMs) that are participating in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) do not fully resolve regional-scale processes and therefore cannot capture regional-scale changes in temperatures and precipitation. We use a regional climate model (RCM) to dynamically downscale the GCM's large-scale signal to investigate the changes in regional and local extremes of temperature and precipitation that may result from a changing climate. In this paper, we show preliminary results from downscaling the NASA/GISS ModelE IPCC AR5 Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 6.0 scenario. We use the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model as the RCM to downscale decadal time slices (1995-2005 and 2025-2035) and illustrate potential changes in regional climate for the continental U.S. that are projected by ModelE and WRF under RCP6.0. The regional climate change scenario is further processed using the Community Multiscale Air Quality modeling system to explore influences of regional climate change on air quality. © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Nolte, C; Otte, T; Pinder, R; Bowden, J; Herwehe, J; Faluvegi, G; Shindell, D

Published Date

  • October 17, 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 137 /

Start / End Page

  • 9 - 12

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1874-6519

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/978-94-007-5577-2_2

Citation Source

  • Scopus