Solar cycle variability, ozone, and climate


Journal Article

Results from a global climate model including an interactive parameterization of stratospheric chemistry show how upper stratospheric ozone changes may amplify observed, 11-year solar cycle irradiance changes to affect climate. In the model, circulation changes initially induced in the stratosphere subsequently penetrate into the troposphere, demonstrating the importance of the dynamical coupling between the stratosphere and troposphere. The model reproduces many observed 11-year oscillations, including the relatively long record of geopotential height variations; hence, it implies that these oscillations are likely driven, at least in part, by solar variability.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Shindell, D; Rind, D; Balachandran, N; Lean, J; Lonergan, P

Published Date

  • April 1999

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 284 / 5412

Start / End Page

  • 305 - 308

PubMed ID

  • 10195893

Pubmed Central ID

  • 10195893

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1095-9203

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0036-8075

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1126/science.284.5412.305


  • eng