Cushing's syndrome after intra-articular and intradermal administration of triamcinolone acetonide in three pediatric patients.

Published

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: Intra-articular and intradermal steroids are often used for their antiinflammatory effect. There is limited experience with intra-articular and intralesional administration of corticosteroids in the pediatric age group. DESIGN/METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of 3 pediatric patients who developed Cushing's syndrome after local administration of triamcinolone acetonide (TCA). RESULTS: Two females 9 and 17 years old, received intra-articular injections of TCA. One patient received multiple injections of TCA into the interphalangeal joints (cumulative dose: 120 mg), whereas the other received a single injection of 40 mg, a dose that is considered to be in the therapeutic range, into the hip joint. The third patient, a 7-year-old female, received multiple intralesional injections of TCA. These patients developed signs and symptoms of hypercortisolism that appeared 4 to 6 weeks after local administration of TCA and lasted for 4 to 6 months after the last dose of TCA. TCA was detectable in the plasma and urine by the liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry method 4 to 5 months after the last dose of the steroid. CONCLUSIONS: We noted evidence for Cushing's syndrome in 3 pediatric patients after intra-articular or intradermal administration of TCA. One of them had received a therapeutic dose of TCA. The possibility of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis suppression should be considered in patients who have received intra-articular or intradermal steroid injections, particularly in those who have had multiple or relatively high doses.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kumar, S; Singh, RJ; Reed, AM; Lteif, AN

Published Date

  • June 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 113 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1820 - 1824

PubMed ID

  • 15173517

Pubmed Central ID

  • 15173517

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1098-4275

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1542/peds.113.6.1820

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States