Design and operation of the wide angular-range chopper spectrometer ARCS at the Spallation Neutron Source.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The wide angular-range chopper spectrometer ARCS at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) is optimized to provide a high neutron flux at the sample position with a large solid angle of detector coverage. The instrument incorporates modern neutron instrumentation, such as an elliptically focused neutron guide, high speed magnetic bearing choppers, and a massive array of (3)He linear position sensitive detectors. Novel features of the spectrometer include the use of a large gate valve between the sample and detector vacuum chambers and the placement of the detectors within the vacuum, both of which provide a window-free final flight path to minimize background scattering while allowing rapid changing of the sample and sample environment equipment. ARCS views the SNS decoupled ambient temperature water moderator, using neutrons with incident energy typically in the range from 15 to 1500 meV. This range, coupled with the large detector coverage, allows a wide variety of studies of excitations in condensed matter, such as lattice dynamics and magnetism, in both powder and single-crystal samples. Comparisons of early results to both analytical and Monte Carlo simulation of the instrument performance demonstrate that the instrument is operating as expected and its neutronic performance is understood. ARCS is currently in the SNS user program and continues to improve its scientific productivity by incorporating new instrumentation to increase the range of science covered and improve its effectiveness in data collection.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Abernathy, DL; Stone, MB; Loguillo, MJ; Lucas, MS; Delaire, O; Tang, X; Lin, JYY; Fultz, B

Published Date

  • January 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 83 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 015114 -

PubMed ID

  • 22299993

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1089-7623

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0034-6748

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1063/1.3680104


  • eng